CABERNET SAUVIGNON

Cabernet Sauvignon - Calistoga WineGrape

PLACE OF ORIGIN

Bordeaux, France

GROWING CLIMATES

Moderate

Warm

SYNONYMS

Cabernet (New World)

PARENTAGE

Cabernet Franc x

Sauvignon Blanc

HALF SIBLINGS

Carmenère

Hondarrabi Beltza

Merlot

Ruby Cabernet

BERRY DETAILS

Thick Skins

High Anthocyanin

Small Berries

PREFERRED SOIL

Gravel

IN THE VINEYARD

Late Budding

Late Ripening

Vigorous

SUSCEPTIBILITY

Esca

Eutypa Dieback

Powdery Mildew

Photo Courtesy of Wine Grapes Direct

OTHER CABERNET SAUVIGNON WINES

Cabernet Sauvignon is commonly blended with other varieties, and as such, may not always be labeled.

 The following are known for including Cabernet Sauvignon:

BORDEAUX

Bordeaux is a region in France that is known for blends with Cabernet Sauvignon. "Left Bank" wines such as Pauillac, St. Julien, and Margaux, are typically Cabernet Sauvignon dominant.

MERITAGE

Meritage is a term created in California for Bordeaux style wines. The blends may only include Bordeaux varieties: Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Malbec, and Petit Verdot.

CABERNET SAUVIGNON STYLES

Cabernet Sauvignon thrives in a warm climate and required warm sites in moderate climates to ensure ripening. Due to the berry's thick skins, a long growing season is required for proper ripening. Many wines labeled Cabernet Sauvignon have small portions of other grapes included, to create a more balanced wine, although single varietal bottlings are produced. Cabernet Sauvignon is commonly aged in new oak to round out the high levels of tannins and impart secondary flavors.

MODERATE CLIMATE

Cabernet Sauvignon grown in a moderate climate typically exhibit these characteristics:

FLAVORS

CURRANT

BLACK CHERRY

VANILLA

BELL PEPPER

STRUCTURE

 

BODY

Moderate to Full

 

TEXTURE

Lean to Round

ACIDITY

Elevated

TANNIN

High

ALCOHOL

Elevated

MAJOR REGIONS

BORDEAUX

COLUMBIA VALLEY

SONOMA

COLCHAGUA VALLEY

MAIPO VALLEY

HAWKE'S BAY

COONAWARRA

MARGARET RIVER

WARM CLIMATE

Cabernet Sauvignon grown in a warm climate typically exhibit these characteristics:

FLAVORS

BLACKBERRY

CASSIS

MINT

VANILLA

STRUCTURE

BODY

Full

TEXTURE

Round

ACIDITY

Moderate

TANNIN

High

ALCOHOL

High

MAJOR REGIONS

LANGUEDOC

NAPA VALLEY

PASO ROBLES

TUSCANY

CENTRAL VALLEY

SOUTH EASTERN

STELLENBOSCH

COMMON WINEMAKING TECHNIQUES

 

NEW OAK CONTACT:

Often in the form of a barrel, however, oak chips may be used to recreate the effect of using barrels in a fraction of the time and cost. This contact can occur during fermentation and/or aging. The higher the char on the oak, the more flavor imparted into the wine. These flavors often consist of smoke, vanilla, baking spices, pie crust, and more. This process is very common in Cabernet Sauvignon production to round out its naturally high tannins.

IMPORTANT CABERNET SAUVIGNON CLONES (A-Z)

CLONE 337:

The Cabernet Sauvignon equivalent to a Dijon clone. Brought to California in a suitcase from the Cotes de Blaye. Small clusters and berries with moderate yields and a distinct herbal character.

CONCANNON CLONES:

Three clones originating from the Cancannon Vineyards in Livermore, California (07, 08, and 11). These clones formed the backbone of California Cabernet Sauvignon plantings in the 70s and 80s. Known for high yielding and very good quality. 

HERITAGE COLLECTION:

Three clones: FPS 29 from Niebaum-Coppola originally planted in 1882. FPS 30 from Disney Silverado and FPS 31 the Mondavi selection from a 50-year old vine (S block, vine 2) in the To Kalon vineyard.

JACKSON SELECTION:

FPS 06 is harvested from the old Foothill Experiment Station in Amador County. A Mondavi trial of six vineyards and concluded it was the most distinctive, with fewer berries and significantly lower yields.

MENDOZA:

 Clone 4 was imported to Davis in 1964 from Mendoza. According to FPS Director Deborah Golino, Austin Goheen arranged the importation because he believed that grape plant material obtained from South America was less likely to be infected with virus.

OAKVILLE SELECTION:

Clone 2 came to FPS from UC's Oakville Experiment Station in Napa Valley. Harold Olmo selected and developed FPS 02. History dates back to the 1880s.

VINCENT SERIES:

 Thirteen selections at Foundation Plant Services, UC Davis (FPS 44, 45, 46, 48, 49, 50, 52, 53, 55, 56, 57, 58, and 59) . The Vincent series is from an anonymous and well-respected producer of French wine near Bordeaux, France. 

WENTE CLONE:

Clone 7, originally from the Concannon Vineyard in Livermore, California. Known for it's ability to graft well and slightly herbaceous character.